Simply put, a concussion occurs when an impact to the head or whiplash type movement causes the brain to bang against the skull or move around inside the skull. The result is bruising of the brain and/or tearing of axons, both of which may cause swelling inside the skull. There doesn’t need to be a loss of consciousness when suffering a concussion, and you often do not see evidence of the injury that caused the concussion like you might with other types of injuries you might experience.
The best indicators that a concussion has occurred are the symptoms commonly associated with this type of injury. Symptoms immediately observed may include a temporary alteration to mental state, immediate disorientation, amnesia, confusion, visual disturbances (sensitivity to light and visual stimuli like television and video games), headache, nausea, and other symptoms. Symptoms that persist including headache, fatigue, irritability, visual disturbances, difficulty with attention and concentration as well as other symptoms may be evidence of Post Concussive Syndrome.
Post concussion rehabilitation is available for someone who presents with signs of forgetfulness, confusion, concentration difficulty or behavior changes. Physical symptoms such as headache or dizziness may or may not be present.
Rehabilitation Specialists is prepared to provide the services required to get an injured individual back to their pre-concussion self by providing:
- Treatment follow-up and evaluation, incorporating additional neuropsychological testing as needed. Recommendations may be made for more extensive neuropsychological services or neuroradiologic studies
- Therapies to address cognitive deficits.
- Full reporting back to the pediatrician or primary care doctor including recommendations on readiness to return to regular activity.
- Consultative and collaborative approach with all involved including the health care provider, education team and family members ensuring each individual is provided therapeutic services to address their specific needs.
Concussion and Brain Injury
A concussion is a brain injury. Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right after the injury or may not appear or be noticed until days or weeks after the injury. A concussion is not typically visible on a CAT scan or MRI.
The physical symptoms of concussion may dissipate quickly however, cognitive or behavioral issues may persist and worsen if not treated properly. This is when a neuropsychological evaluation can help identify a treatment plan to best address persistent symptoms.